Current WAEC Syllabus For Yoruba (+PDF)

Would you like to know the topics in the syllabus where all your WAEC Yoruba questions will come from?

In this library…

You will see and download your current WAEC syllabus for Yoruba theory and objective examination in SSCE and GCE this year.


ALSO SEE: Full List Of WAEC Syllabus For All Subjects (with PDF)

Take note.

The examination will consist of two papers, Papers 1 and 2. It will test the following aspects of Yoruba Language: comprehension, composition, sound system, grammar and translation. 

It will also test selected texts of oral and written literature as well as Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation, Customs and Institutions. The rubrics shall be written in Yoruba.

Now to the syllabus…

WAEC Yoruba syllabus PAPER 1

PAPER 1 shall contain 60 multiple-choice objective questions on Language, Literature and Culture. The paper shall have three sections, Section A, B and C. 

Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 60 marks. The questions shall be distributed as follows: 

Section A: LANGUAGE

  • Comprehension (2 short passages) – 10 items 
  • Composition – 4 items 
  • Sound System – 6 items 
  • Grammar – 6 items 
  • Translation – 4 items 

– 30 items 

Section B: LITERATURE

  • Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation – 4 items 
  • Oral Literature 
    • – Prose – 3 
    • – Poetry – 3
    • – Drama – 3

– 13 items

  • Written Literature – Prose – 3 
    •  – Poetry – 3
    •  – Drama – 3 

 – 9 items

Section C: CULTURE

  • Customs – 4 items
  • Institutions – 4 items 

= 8 items 

Total = (30 + 22 + 8) = 60 items

The content for Paper 1 shall be the same as for Paper 2 . In Section B, all questions other than those on Basic Principles of Literary Appreciation will be on the set books for Paper 2. 

WAEC Yoruba syllabus PAPER 2

PAPER 2: Shall be essay type questions on language, literature and culture. It will also have three sections, A, B and C, with 2 hour duration and carry 100 marks. 

Candidates will be required to answer six questions in all: three questions from Section A; two questions from Section B and one question from Section C.

They will also be required to answer all the questions in Yoruba using the official Yoruba orthography and metalanguage. 


Section A: LANGUAGE


1. Composition

Candidates are advised to write 300 words and spend not more than 45 minutes on this section. The essay will be any of the following types: 

  • (i) Narrative 
  • (ii) Descriptive 
  • (iii) Argumentative 
  • (iv) Expository 
  • (v) Dialogue 
  • (vi) Debate 
  • (vii) Letter writing

2. Sound System

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two to be set. Areas to cover include: 

  • (i) Vowels, Consonants and Syllabic nasal 
    • (a) their production in terms of place and manner 
    • (b) their basic phonetic and phonemic classification 
  • (ii) Syllable structure 
  • (iii) Sound processes, e.g. vowel harmony assimilation elision 
  • (iv) Sound system aspect of the orthography 
  • (v) Tones and tone notation 

3. Grammar

Candidates will be required to answer one question from the two questions to be made available. Areas to cover are: 

  • i. Word structure and word formation 
  • ii. Numerals: basic and derived 
  • iii. Word classes: nouns, verbs, adverbs, pronouns, adjectives, etc 
  • iv. Grammatical categories: subject, object, complement, predicate, number, person, tense, aspect, mood, etc. 
  • v. Phrases and clauses 
  • vi. The structure and type of sentences. 

SECTION B: Literature


This section is made up of Oral Literature and Written Literature. 

1. Oral Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Oral Literature, there will be 3 set books covering the different genres. 1 question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any 1 of the 3 questions. 

2. Written Literature – Prose, Poetry, Drama

In Written Literature, there will be three set books covering the different genres. One question will be set from each set book and candidates will be required to answer any one of the three questions.


SECTION C: Culture


This section will consist of questions on customs and institutions. Two questions will be set and candidates will be required to answer any one of them. Areas to cover will include: 

1. Customs 

  • (i) Make-up and adornments 
  • (ii) In-door and out-door games 
  • (iii) Pregnancy and its care 
  • (iv) Naming 
  • (v) Home training: greetings, respect for superiors, cleanliness, tolerance, integrity, hard work, etc. 
  • (vi) Yoruba foods 
  • (vii) Non-verbal communication 
  • (viii) Funerals: traditional and modern methods 
  • (ix) Inheritance: traditional and modern methods. 

2. Institutions 

  • (i) Traditional occupations 
  • (ii) Marriage 
  • (iii) Politics: family structure, age grades, chieftaincy, Obaship, etc. 
  • (iv) Child care 
  • (v) Ancestors 
  • (vi) Yoruba beliefs about Olodumare (God), deities / divinities, other invisible forces, etc. 
  • (vii) Modern religions: Islam, Christianity, etc. 
  • (viii) Economy: adverts, money lending, cooperative efforts, etc.

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