Current WAEC Syllabus For Government (+PDF)

Would you like to know the topics in the syllabus where all your WAEC Government questions will come from?

In this library…

You will see and download your current WAEC syllabus for Government theory and objective examination in SSCE and GCE this year.


ALSO SEE: WAEC Syllabus For All Other Subjects In SSCE and GCE


Take note.

There will be two papers – Paper 1 and Paper 2, both of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be composite and will be taken at one sitting.

PAPER 1: This will consist of fifty multiple-choice objective questions drawn from the entire syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions in 1 hour for 40 marks. 

PAPER 2: This will be a 2-hour essay type test consisting of two sections, Sections A and B as follows:

  • Section A: Elements of Government — Shall contain five questions out of which candidates shall be required to attempt any two.
  • Section B: Political and Constitutional Developments in West Africa and International Relations — Shall contain sets of five questions each; one set for one member country.

Each candidate is to answer two questions chosen from the set on the country in which he/she is taking the examination. The paper shall carry 60 marks.

Now to the syllabus…

WAEC Government syllabus

The PDF version of this WAEC syllabus for Government is available for your free download at the bottom of this library.


SECTION A: ELEMENTS OF GOVERNMENT


1. MEANING AND SCOPE OF THE SUBJECT MATTER – GOVERNMENT 

  • (i) Government as an institution of the state. Definition of state, features, structure and functions. 
  • (ii) Government as a process or art or governing. 
  • (iii) Government as an academic field of study – reasons for studying government. 

2. BASIC CONCEPTS AND PRINCIPLES OF GOVERNMENT

  • (i) Basic concepts – State, *Society, *Nation, Power, Authority, Legitimacy, Sovereignty, Democracy, Political Culture and Socialization, Communalism, Feudalism and oligarchy, *Liberalism, Socialism, Communism, Capitalism, Fascism, Aristocracy, Totalitarianism. Meaning and features. 
  • (ii) Basic principles – Rule of Law, Fundamental Human Rights, Separation of Powers / Checks and Balances, Constitutionalism, Political participation, Representative Government, Centralization and Decentralization – (Delegated Legislation, Devolution and Decentralization). 

3. CONSTITUTIONS 

  • (i) Definition and Sources 
  • (ii) Functions 
  • (iii) Types and Features, (Written and Unwritten, Rigid and Flexible). 

4. ORGANS OF GOVERNMENT

The Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary – Judicial Independence. (Types, Structure, Composition / membership; Functions; powers and limitations). 

5. STATE STRUCTURE AND CHARACTERISTICS OF GOVERNMENT

  • (a) Types – Unitary, Federal, Confederal, Presidential or Non-parliamentary, Parliamentary or Cabinet, Monarchical and Republican. 
  • (b) Meaning, types, features, merits and demerits.

6. CITIZENSHIP 

Meaning, mode of acquisition, rights, duties and obligations of individuals in the state. Means of safeguarding rights of citizens. 

7. POLITICAL PARTIES AND PARTY SYSTEMS

  • (i) Political Parties – definition, organization / structure, and functions. 
  • (ii) Party Systems – definition, types, merits and demerits. 

8. PRESSURE GROUPS, PUBLIC OPINION AND MASS MEDIA

  • (i) Pressure Groups – definition, types, mode of operation and functions; 
  • (ii) Public opinion – definition, formation, Measurement and importance; 
  • (iii) Mass Media – definition, roles and impact. 

9. THE ELECTORAL SYSTEMS, PROCESSES AND ELECTORAL MANAGEMENT BODY

  • (a) Electoral Systems and Processes 
    • (i) Election- Meaning and purpose of elections. 
    • (ii) Franchise – meaning, and limitations. 
    • (iii) Types, advantages and disadvantages of Electoral Systems. 
  • (b) Electoral Management Body – definition, function, problems/constrains. 

10. PUBLIC / CIVIL SERVICE ADMINISTRATION 

  • (i) Public / Civil Service – Meaning, Structure, Characteristics and Functions. 
  • (ii) Public / Civil Service Commission – meaning and Functions. 
  • (iii) Public Corporations – definition, purposes, functions, control, challenges, need for commercialization and privatization. 
  • (iv) Local Governments – Meaning, structure, Purposes, Functions, Sources of revenue, control and problems.

SECTION B: POLITICAL AND CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN WEST AFRICA AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS 


11. PRE-COLONIAL POLITICAL SYSTEM OF CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES

The Structural Organization of the following: 

  • (a) Nigeria – Hausa/Fulani, the Yoruba and the Igbo. 
  • (b) Ghana – The Akan and the Talensi. 
  • (c) Sierra Leone – The Mende and Temme. 
  • (d) The Gambia – The Wolof, Mandingo and Jola. 
  • (e) Liberia – The Vai and the Kru. 

12. COLONIAL ADMINISTRATION 

  • (i) The Policy and Structure of the British Colonial Administration – Crown Colony, Protectorate and Indirect Rule. 
  • (ii) The Policy of French Colonial Administration – Assimilation and Association (Loi Cadre). 
  • (iii) Impact, Advantages and disadvantages of Colonial Rule. 

13. NATIONALISM IN CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES 

  • (i) Nationalism: Meaning, factors and effects. 
  • (ii) Key Nationalist leaders / movements and their contributions. 

14. CONSTITUTIONAL DEVELOPMENTS IN CANDIDATES’ RESPECTIVE COUNTRIES 

  • (i) Pre-Independence Constitutions – Nigeria (features)
    •  Clifford 1922 
    •  Richards 1946 
    •  Macpherson 1951 
    •  Littleton 1954
  • (ii) Post-Independence Constitutions – Nigeria
    • Independence Constitution, 1960 
    • Republican Constitution 1963 
    • The 1979 and 1989 Constitutions 
    • 1999 Constitution – Origin, features, strength and Weaknesses.

15. DEVELOPMENT OF MAJOR POLITICAL PARTIES IN THE CANDIDATES’ – Nigeria 

  • Formation,
  • Objectives,
  • Sources of Finance,
  • Achievements and Failures 

16. MILITARY RULE IN THE CANDIDATES’ – Nigeria 

  • Causes, effects and various military regimes. 

17. FEDERAL / UNITARY SYSTEMS OF GOVERNMENT IN WEST AFRICA – Nigeria 

  • Origin, 
  • Factors, 
  • Structure, 
  • Features and Problems 

18. FOREIGN POLICIES OF THE CANDIDATES’ – Nigeria 

  • Definitions, 
  • Factors, 
  • objectives, 
  • advantages and disadvantages. 

19. INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS 

  • The United Nations Organizations (UNO), 
  • The Commonwealth of Nations, 
  • African Union (AU) – NEPAD, 
  • The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS). 

Origin, aims / objectives, achievements and problems.

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