Current WAEC Syllabus For Chemistry (+PDF)

Would you like to know the exact topics where all your WAEC Chemistry questions will come from?

In this library…

You will see and download your current WAEC syllabus for Chemistry theory and objective examination in SSCE and GCE this year.


ALSO SEE: List Of WAEC Syllabus For All Subjects In Your SSCE and GCE

Take note.

There shall be three papers – Papers 1, 2 and 3 all of which must be taken. Paper 1 and 2 shall be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting. 

  • PAPER 1: Will consist of fifty multiple choice objective questions drawn from Section A of the syllabus (ie the portion of the syllabus which is common to all candidates) . Candidates will be required to answer all the questions within 1 hour for 50 marks.
  • PAPER 2: Will be a 2-hour essay paper covering the entire syllabus and carrying 100 marks. The paper will be in two sections; Sections A and B.
    • Section A: Will consist of ten short structured questions drawn from Section A of the syllabus. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions for 25 marks. 
    • Section B: Will consist of two questions from Section A of the syllabus and two other questions from the section of the syllabus which is peculiar to the country of the candidate. Candidates will be required to answer any three of the questions. Each question shall carry 25 marks.
  • PAPER 3: This shall be a 2-hour practical test for school candidates or 1 hour 30 minutes alternative to practical work test for private candidates. Each version of the paper shall contain three compulsory questions and carry 50 marks. 

The questions shall be on the following aspects of the syllabus: 

  • – One question on quantitative analysis; 
  • – One question on qualitative analysis; 
  • – The third question shall test candidates’ familiarity with the practical activities suggested in their teaching syllabuses.

Now to the syllabus…

WAEC Chemistry syllabus

The PDF version of this WAEC syllabus for Chemistry is available for your free download at the bottom of this library.

1. INTRODUCTION TO CHEMISTRY 

  • (a) (i) Measurement of physical quantities.
    • (ii) Scientific measurements and their importance in chemistry. 
  • (b) Scientific Methods 

2. STRUCTURE OF THE ATOM 

  • (a) Gross features of the atom.
  • (b) (i) Atomic number / proton number, number of neutrons, isotopes, atomic mass, mass number.
    • (ii) Relative atomic mass (Ar) and relative molecular mass (Mr) based on Carbon-12 scale. 
    • (iii) Characteristics and nature of matter. 
  • (c) Particulate nature of mater: physical and chemical changes. 
  • (d) (i) Electron Configuration 
    • (ii) Orbitals 
    • (iii) Rules and principles for filling in electrons.

3. STANDARD SEPARATION TECHNIQUES FOR MIXTURES 

  • (a) Classification of mixtures. 
  • (b) Separation techniques 
  • (c) Criteria for purity. 

4. PERIODIC CHEMISTRY 

  • (a) Periodicity of the elements.
  • (b)Different categories of elements in the periodic table.
  • (c) Periodic law:
    • (i) Trends on periodic table;
    • (ii) Periodic gradation of the elements in the third period (Na – Ar).
  • (d) Reactions between acids and metals, their oxides and trioxocarbonates (IV). 
  • (e) Periodic gradation of elements in group seven, the halogens: F, Cl, Br and I. 
  • (f) Elements of the first transition series. 21Sc – 30Zn

5. CHEMICAL BONDS 

  • (a) Interatomic bonding 
  • (b)(i) Formation of ionic bonds and compounds. 
    • (ii) Properties of ionic compounds. 
  • (c) Naming of ionic compounds. 
  • (d) Formation of covalent bonds and compounds. 
  • (e)(i) Properties of covalent compounds. 
    • (ii) Coordinate (dative) covalent bonding
  • (f) Shapes of molecular compounds. 
  • (g)(i) Metallic Bonding 
    • (ii) Factors influencing its formation. 
    • (iii) Properties of metals. 
  • (h)(i) Inter molecular bonding 
    • (ii) Intermolecular forces in covalent compounds. 
    • (iii) Hydrogen bonding 
    • (iv) van der Waals forces 
    • (v) Comparison of all bond types.

6. STOICHIOMETRY AND CHEMICAL REACTIONS 

  • (a)(i) Symbols, formulae and equations. 
    • (ii) chemical symbols 
    • (iii) Empirical and molecular formulae. 
    • (iv) Chemical equations and IUPAC names of chemical compounds. 
    • (v) Laws of chemical combination. 
  • (b) Amount of substance.
  • (c) Mole ratios 
  • (d) (i) Solutions 
    • (ii) Concentration terms 
    • (iii) Standard solutions. 
  • (e) Preparation of solutions from liquid solutes by the method of dilution.

7. STATES OF MATTER 

  • (a) (i) Kinetic theory of matter. 
    • (ii) Changes of state of matter. 
    • (iii) Diffusion
  • (b) Gases: 
    • (i) Characteristics and nature of gases; 
    • (ii) The gas laws; 
    • (iii) Laboratory preparation and properties of some gases. 
  • (c) (i) Liquids 
    • (ii) Vapour and gases.
  • (d) Solids: 
    • (i) Characteristics and nature; 
    • (ii) Types and structures; 
    • (iii) Properties of solids. 
  • (e) Structures, properties and uses of diamond and graphite. 
  • (f) Determination of melting points of covalent solids. 

8. ENERGY AND ENERGY CHANGES 

  • (a) Energy and enthalpy 
  • (b) Description, definition and illustrations of energy changes and their effects.

9. ACIDS, BASES AND SALTS 

  • (a) Definitions of acids and bases. 
  • (b) Physical and chemical properties of acids and bases. 
  • (c) Acids, bases and salts as electrolytes. 
  • (d) Classification of acids and bases. 
  • (e) Concept of pH
  • (f) Salts: 
    • (i) Laboratory and industrial preparation of salts; 
    • (ii) Uses; 
    • (iii) Hydrolysis of salt. 
  • (g) Deliquescent, efflorescent and hygroscopic compound. 
  • (h) Acid-Base indicators 
  • (i) Acid-Base titration

10. SOLUBILITY OF SUBSTANCES 

  • (a) General principles 
  • (b) Practical application of solubility.

11. CHEMICAL KINETICS AND EQUILIBRIUM SYSTEM 

  • (a) Rate of reactions: 
    • (i) Factors affecting rates; 
    • (ii) Theories of reaction rates; 
    • (iii) Analysis and interpretation of graphs. 
  • (b) Equilibrium: 
    •  (i) General Principle;
    • (ii) Le Chatelier’s principle. 

12. REDOX REACTIONS 

  • (a) Oxidation and reduction process. 
  • (b) Oxidizing and reducing agents. 
  • (c) Redox equations 
  • (d) Electrochemical cells: 
    • (i) Standard electrode potential; 
    • (ii) Drawing of cell diagram and writing cell notation.
    • (iii) e.m.f of cells; 
    • (iv) Application of Electrochemical cells.
  • (e) Electrolysis: 
    • (i) Electrolytic cells; 
    • (ii) Principles of electrolysis; 
    • (iii) Factors influencing discharge of species; 
    • (iv) Faraday’s laws; 
    • (v) Practical application;
    • (vi) Corrosion of metals. 

13. CHEMISTRY OF CARBON COMPOUNDS 

  • (a) Classification 
  • (b) Functional group 
  • (b) Separation and purification of organic compounds. 
  • (c) Petroleum / crude oil
  • (d) Determination of empirical and molecular formulae and molecular structures of organic compounds. 
  • (e) General properties of organic compounds: 
    • (i) Homologous series; 
    • (ii) Isomerism. 
  • (f) Alkanes: 
    • (i) Sources, properties; 
    • (ii) Uses. 
  • (g) Alkenes: 
    • (i) Sources and properties;
    • (ii) Uses; 
    • (iii) Laboratory detection. 
  • (h) Alkynes: 
    • (i) Sources, characteristic properties and uses; 
    • (ii) Chemical reactions. 
  • (i) Benzene: 
    • (i) Structure and physical properties; 
    • (ii) Chemical properties.
  • (J) Alkanols: 
    • (i) Sources, nomenclature and structure; 
    • (ii) Classification; 
    • (iii) Physical properties; 
    • (iv) Chemical properties; 
    • (v) Laboratory test; 
    • (vi) Uses. 
  • (k) Alkanoic acids: 
    • (i) Sources, nomenclature and structure; 
    • (ii) Physical properties;
    • (iii) Chemical properties; 
    • (iv) Laboratory test; 
    • (iv) Uses. 
  • (l) Alkanoates as drivatives of alkanoic acids: 
    • (i) Sources, nomenclature, preparation and structure; 
    • (ii) Physical properties; 
    • (iii) Chemical properties; 
    • (iv) Uses. 

14. CHEMISTRY, INDUSTRY AND THE ENVIRONMENT 

  • (a) Chemical industry
  • (b) Pollution: air, water and soil pollution; 
  • (c) Biotechnology. 

15. BASIC BIOCHEMISTRY AND SYNTHETIC POLYMERS 

  • (a) Proteins: 
    • (i) Sources and properties; 
    • (ii) Uses of protein. 
  • (b) Amino acids
  • (c) Fats / oils: 
    • (i) Sources and properties; 
    • (ii) General structure of fats / oils; 
    • (iii) Preparation of soap; 
    • (iv) Uses of fats / oils. 
  • (d) Carbohydrates: 
    • (i) Sources and nomenclature; 
    • (ii) Properties;
    • (iii) Carbohydrate as examples of polymer; 
    • (iv) Uses. 
  • (e) Synthetic polymers: 
    • (i) Properties; 
    • (ii) Uses of polymers.

WAEC Chemistry syllabus SECTION C

1. NON METALS AND THEIR COMPOUNDS 

  • (a) Carbon: 
    • (i) Allotropes of carbon; 
    • (ii) Coal: 
      • I. Types; 
      • II. Destructive distillation of coal and uses of the products. 
    • (iii) Coke: 
      • I. Classification and uses; 
      • II. Manufacture of synthetic gas and uses. 
    • (iv) Oxides of carbon 
      • I. Carbon (IV) oxides; 
      • II. Carbon (II) oxides; 
      • III. Trioxocarbonate (IV) salt.
  • (b) Oxygen: 
    • (i) Laboratory and industrial preparation; 
    • (ii) Properties and uses; 
    • (iii) Binary compounds of oxygen: 
      • acidic, 
      • basic, 
      • amphoteric and neutral oxides. 
  • (c) Hydrogen: 
    • (i) Laboratory preparations; 
    • (ii) Properties and uses. 
  • (d) Water and solution: 
    • (i) Composition of water; 
    • (ii) Water as a solvent; 
    • (iii) Hardness of water, causes and methods of removing it; 
    • (iv) Treatment of water for town supply. 
  • (e) Halogens: 
    • (i) Chlorine:
      • I. Laboratory preparation;
      • II. Properties and reactions.
  • (f) Hydrogen chloride gas: 
    • (i) Laboratory preparation; 
    • (ii) Properties and uses;
    • (iii) Uses of halogen compounds. 
  • (g) Nitrogen: 
    • (i) Preparation and properties; 
    • (ii) Uses of nitrogen; 
    • (iii) Compounds of nitrogen: 
      • I. Ammonia; 
      • II. Trioxonitrate (V) acid; 
      • III. Trioxonitrate (V) salts. 
  • (h) Sulphur: 
    • (i) Allotropes and uses; 
    • (ii) Compound of sulphur; 
    • (iii) Trioxosulphate (IV) acids and its salts; 
    • (iv) Tetraoxosulphate (VI) acid: industrial preparation, reactions and uses. 
  • (i) The noble gases: properties and uses. 

2. METALS AND THEIR COMPOUNDS 

  • (a) Extraction of metals: 
    • (i) Aluminium; 
    • (ii) Iron; 
    • (iii) Tin.
  • (b) Alloys.
  • (c) Properties and uses of sodium and its compounds. 
  • (d) Properties and uses of calcium and its compounds. 
  • (e) Reactivity of iron and aluminium with air, water and acids. 
  • (f) Properties and uses of copper and its compounds.

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