# Current JAMB Syllabus For Physics (+PDF)

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## JAMB Physics syllabus

1. Measurements and Units

• Length, area and volume:
• Metre rule,
• Venier calipers
• Micrometer
• Screw-guage,
• measuring cylinder.
• Mass
• unit of mass;
• use of simple beam balance;
• concept of beam balance.
• Time
• unit of time;
• time-measuring devices.
• Fundamental physical quantities
• Derived physical quantities and their units
• Combinations of fundamental quantities and determination of their units;
• Dimensions
• definition of dimensions
• simple examples
• Limitations of experimental measurements
• accuracy of measuring instruments;
• simple estimation of errors;
• significant figures;
• standard form.
• Measurement, position, distance and displacement
• concept of displacement;
• distinction between distance and  displacement;
• concept of position and coordinates;
• frame of reference.

2. Scalars and Vectors

• definition of scalar and vector quantities;
• examples of scalar and vector quantities;
• relative velocity;
• resolution of vectors into two perpendicular directions including graphical methods of solution.

3. Motion

• Types of motion:
• translational,
• oscillatory,
• rotational,
• spin and random
• Relative motion
• Causes of motion
• Types of force
• contact
• force field
• linear motion
• speed, velocity and acceleration;
• equations of uniformly accelerated motion;
• motion under gravity;
• distance-time graph and velocity time graph;
• instantaneous velocity and acceleration.
• Projectiles:
• calculation of range, maximum height and time of flight from the ground and a height;
• applications of projectile motion.
• Newton’s laws of motion:
• inertia, mass and force;
• relationship between mass and acceleration;
• impulse and momentum;
• force – time graph
• conservation of linear momentum (Coefficient of restitution not necessary).
• Motion in a circle:
• angular velocity and angular acceleration;
• centripetal and centrifugal forces;
• applications.
• Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M):
• definition and explanation of simple harmonic motion;
• examples of systems that execute S.H.M;
• period, frequency and amplitude of S.H.M;
• velocity and acceleration of S.H.M;
• simple treatment of energy change in S.H.M;
• force vibration and resonance (simple treatment).

4. Gravitational field

• Newton’s law of universal gravitation;
• gravitational potential;
• conservative and non-conservative fields;
• acceleration due to gravity;
• variation of g on the earth’s surface;
• distinction between mass and weight escape velocity;
• parking orbit and weightlessness.

5. Equilibrium of Forces

• equilibrium of particles:
• equilibrium of coplanar forces;
• triangles and polygon of forces;
• Lami’s theorem.
• principles of moments
• moment of a force;
• simple treatment and moment of a couple (torgue);
• applications.
• conditions for equilibrium of rigid bodies under the action of parallel and non-parallel forces
• resolution and composition of forces in two perpendicular directions;
• resultant and equilibrant.
• centre of gravity and stability
• stable, unstable and neutral equilibra.

6. (a) Work, Energy and Power

• definition of work, energy and power;
• forms of energy;
• conservation of energy;
• qualitative treatment between different forms of energy;
• interpretation of area under the force-distance curve.
• Energy and society
• sources of energy;
• renewable and non-renewable energy e.g. coal, crude oil etc.;
• uses of energy;
• energy and development;
• energy diversification;
• environmental impact of energy e.g. global warming, greenhouse effect and spillage;
• energy crises;
• conversion of energy;
• devices used in energy production.
• Dams and energy production
• location of dams
• energy production
• nuclear energy
• solar energy
• solar collector;
• solar panel for energy supply.

7. Friction

• static and dynamic friction;
• coefficient of limiting friction and its determination;
• reduction of friction;
• qualitative treatment of viscosity and terminal velocity;
• Stoke’s law.

8. Simple Machines

• definition of simple machines;
• types of machines;
• mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of machines.

9. Elasticity

• elastic limit, yield point, breaking point, Hooke’s law and Young’s modulus;
• the spring balance as a device for measuring force;
• work done per unit volume in springs and elastic strings;

10. Pressure

• Atmospheric Pressure
• definition of atmospheric pressure;
• units of pressure (S.I) units (Pa);
• measurement of pressure;
• simple mercury barometer; aneroid barometer and manometer;
• variation of pressure with height;
• the use of barometer as an altimeter.
• Pressure in liquids
• the relationship between pressure, depth and density (P = gh)
• transmission of pressure in liquids (Pascal’s Principle)
• application

11. Liquids At Rest

• determination of density of solids and liquids
• definition of relative density
• upthrust on a body immersed in a liquid
• Archimedes’ principle and law of floatation and applications, e.g. ships and hydrometers.

12. Temperature and Its Measurement

• concept of temperature
• thermometric properties
• calibration of thermometers
• temperature scales – Celsius and Kelvin.
• types of thermometers
• conversion from one scale of temperature to another

13. Thermal Expansion

• Solids
• definition and determination of linear, volume and area expansivities;
• effects and applications, e.g. expansion in building strips and railway lines;
• relationship between different expansivities.
• Liquids
• volume expansivity;
• real and apparent expansivities;
• determination of volume expansivity;
• anomalous expansion of water.

14. Gas Laws

• Boyle’s law (isothermal process)
• Charle’s law (isobaric process)
• Pressure law (volumetric process)
• absolute zero of temperature
• general gas equation: (PV / T = constant )
• ideal gas equation e.g. Pv = nRT
• Van der waal gas

15. Quantity of Heat

• heat as a form of energy;
• definition of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of solids and liquids;
• determination of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of substances by simple methods e.g. method of mixtures and electrical method and Newton’s law of cooling

16. Change of State

• latent heat;
• specific latent heats of fusion and vaporization;
• melting, evaporation and boiling;
• the influence of pressure and of dissolved substances on boiling and melting points;
• application in appliances.

17. Vapours

• unsaturated and saturated vapours;
• relationship between saturated vapour pressure (S.V.P) and boiling;
• determination of S.V.P by barometer tube method;
• formation of dew, mist, fog, and rain;
• study of dew point, humidity and relative humidity;
• hygrometry; estimation of the humidity of the atmosphere using wet and dry bulb hygrometers.

18. Structure of Matter and Kinetic Theory

• Molecular nature of matter
• atoms and molecules;
• molecular theory: explanation of Brownian motion, diffusion, surface tension, capillarity, adhesion, cohesion and angles of contact e.tc;
• examples and applications.
• Kinetic Theory
• assumptions of the kinetic theory
• using the theory to explain the pressure exerted by gas, Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, melting, boiling, vapourization, change in temperature, evaporation, etc.

19. Heat Transfer

• conduction, convection and radiation as modes of heat transfer;
• temperature gradient, thermal conductivity and heat flux;
• effect of the nature of the surface on the energy radiated and absorbed by it;
• the conductivities of common materials;
• land and sea breeze;
• engines.

20. Waves

• Production and Propagation
• wave motion;
• vibrating systems as source of waves;
• waves as mode of energy transfer;
• distinction between particle motion and wave motion;
• relationship between frequency, wavelength and wave velocity (V=f λ);
• phase difference, wave number and wave vector;
• progressive wave equation e.g. Y = A sin 2π / vt (vt ± x)
• Classification
• types of waves; mechanical and electromagnetic waves;
• longitudinal and transverse waves;
• stationary and progressive waves;
• examples of waves from springs, ropes, stretched strings and the ripple tank.
• Characteristics/Properties
• reflection, refraction, diffraction and plane polarization;
• superposition of waves e.g. interference
• Beats;
• Doppler effects (qualitative treatment only).

21. Propagation of Sound Waves

• the necessity for a material medium;
• speed of sound in solids, liquids and air;
• reflection of sound; echoes, reverberation and their applications;
• disadvantages of echoes and reverberations.

22. Characteristics of Sound Waves

• noise and musical notes;
• quality, pitch, intensity and loudness and their application to musical instruments;
• simple treatment of overtones produced by vibrating strings and their columns Fo =  1 / 2L √f/u (u = m/f)
• acoustic examples of resonance;
• frequency of a note emitted by air columns in closed and open pipes in relation to their lengths.

23. Light Energy

• Sources of Light
• natural and artificial sources of light;
• luminous and non-luminous objects.
• Propagation of light
• speed, frequency and wavelength of light;
• formation of shadows and eclipse;
• the pin-hole camera.

24. Reflection of Light at Plane and Curved Surfaces

• laws of reflection;
• application of reflection of light;
• formation of images by plane, concave and convex mirrors and ray diagrams;
• use of the mirror formula: 1/f = 1/u + 1/v
• linear magnification.

25. Refraction of Light through at Plane and Curved Surfaces

• explanation of refraction in terms of velocity of light in the media;
• laws of refraction;
• definition of refractive index of a medium;
• determination of refractive index of glass and liquid using Snell’s law;
• real and apparent depth and lateral displacement;
• critical angle and total internal reflection.
• Glass Prism
• use of the minimum deviation formula: U = sin [A+D / 2] / sin [A/2]
• type of lenses;
• use of lens formula: 1/f = 1/u + 1/v and Newton’s formular (F² = ab)
• magnification.

26. Optical Instruments

• the principles of microscopes, telescopes, projectors, cameras and the human eye (physiological details of the eye are not required);
• power of a lens;
• angular magnification;
• near and far points
• sight defects and their corrections.

27. (a) Dispersion of light and colours

• dispersion of white light by a triangular Prism;
• production of pure spectrum;
• colour mixing by addition and subtraction;
• colour of objects and colour filters;
• rainbow.
• Electromagnetic spectrum
• description of sources and uses of various types of radiation.

28. Electrostatics

• existence of positive and negative charges in matter;
• charging a body by friction, contact and induction;
• electroscope;
• Coulomb’s inverse square law, electric field and potential;
• electric field intensity and potential difference;
• electric discharge and lightning.

29. Capacitors

• types and functions of capacitors;
• parallel plate capacitors;
• capacitance of a capacitor;
• the relationship between capacitance, area separation of plates and medium between the plates C = EA/d
• capacitors in series and parallel;
• energy stored in a capacitor.

30. Electric Cells

• simple voltaic cell and its defects;
• Daniel cell, Leclanche cell (wet and dry);
• lead –acid accumulator and Nickel-Iron (Nife) Lithium lron and Mercury cadmium;
• maintenance of cells and batteries (detail treatment of the chemistry of a cell is not required);
• arrangement of cells;
• efficiency of a cell.

31. Current Electricity

• electromagnetic force (emf), potential difference (p.d.), current, internal resistance of a cell and lost Volt;
• Ohm’s law;
• measurement of resistance;
• meter bridge;
• resistance in series and in parallel and their combination;
• the potentiometer method of measuring emf, current and internal resistance of a cell.
• electrical networks.

32. Electrical Energy and Power

• concepts of electrical energy and power;
• commercial unit of electric energy and power;
• electric power transmission
• heating effects of electric current;
• electrical wiring of houses;
• use of fuses.

33. Magnets and Magnetic Fields

• natural and artificial magnets;
• magnetic properties of soft iron and steel;
• methods of making magnets and demagnetization;
• concept of magnetic field;
• magnetic field of a permanent magnet;
• magnetic field round a straight current carrying conductor, circular wire and solenoid;
• properties of the earth’s magnetic field; north and south poles, magnetic meridian and angle of dip and declination;
• flux and flux density;
• variation of magnetic field intensity over the earth’s surface
• applications: earth’s magnetic field in navigation and mineral exploration.

34. Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field

• quantitative treatment of force between two parallel current-carrying conductors;
• force on a charge moving in a magnetic field;
• the d. c. motor;
• electromagnets;
• carbon microphone;
• moving coil and moving iron instruments;
• conversion of galvanometers to ammeters and voltmeter using shunts and multipliers;
• sensitivity of a galvanometer.

35. (a) Electromagnetic Induction

• Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction;
• factors affecting induced emf;
• Lenz’s law as an illustration of the principle of conservation of energy;
• a.c. and d.c generators;
• transformers;
• the induction coil.
• Inductance
• explanation of inductance;
• unit of inductance;
• energy stored in an inductor: E = ½ I²L
• application/uses of inductors.
• Eddy Current
• reduction of eddy current
• applications of eddy current

36. Simple A.C. Circuits

• explanation of a.c. current and voltage;
• peak and r.m.s. values;
• a.c. source connected to a resistor;
• a.c source connected to a capacitor-capacitive reactance;
• a.c source connected to an inductor inductive reactance;
• series R-L-C circuits;
• vector diagram, phase angle and power factor;
• resistance and impedance;
• effective voltage in an R-L-C circuits;
• resonance and resonance frequency: F0 = 1/2π √LC

37. Conduction of Electricity Through

• liquids
• electrolytes and non-electrolyte;
• concept of electrolysis;
• application of electrolysis, e.g. electroplating, calibration of ammeter etc.
• gases
• discharge through gases (qualitative treatment only);
• application of conduction of electricity through gases;

38. Elementary Modern Physics

• models of the atom and their limitations;
• elementary structure of the atom;
• energy levels and spectra;
• thermionic and photoelectric emissions;
• Einstein’s equation and stopping potential
• applications of thermionic emissions and photoelectric effects;
• simple method of production of x-rays;
• properties and applications of alpha, beta and gamma rays;
• half-life and decay constant;
• simple ideas of production of energy by fusion and fission;
• binding energy, mass defect and Einstein’s Energy equation [∆E = ∆Mc²]
• wave-particle paradox (duality of matter);
• electron diffraction;
• the uncertainty principle.

39. Introductory Electronics

• distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators (elementary knowledge of band gap is required);
• intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors;
• uses of semiconductors and diodes in rectification and transistors in amplification;
• n-type and p-type semiconductors;
• elementary knowledge of diodes and transistors.

GOOD LUCK.

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### 4 thoughts on “Current JAMB Syllabus For Physics (+PDF)”

1. same here
both chemistry and physics
thank you.

2. Tijani Abdulsalam A.

My heartfelt appreciation goes to toppers staff, you’re indeed a liberator of millions of mind from exam tension and wrong approach to exams.more grease to your elbow.