Current JAMB Syllabus For Physics (+PDF)

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You will see the current JAMB syllabus for Physics with the PDF version available for your free download at the end of this library.


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JAMB Physics syllabus

1. Measurements and Units

  • Length, area and volume:
    • Metre rule,
    • Venier calipers
    • Micrometer
    • Screw-guage,
    • measuring cylinder.
  • Mass
    • unit of mass;
    • use of simple beam balance;
    • concept of beam balance.
  • Time
    • unit of time;
    • time-measuring devices.
  • Fundamental physical quantities
  • Derived physical quantities and their units
    • Combinations of fundamental quantities and determination of their units;
  • Dimensions
    • definition of dimensions
    • simple examples
  • Limitations of experimental measurements
    • accuracy of measuring instruments;
    • simple estimation of errors;
    • significant figures;
    • standard form.
  • Measurement, position, distance and displacement 
    • concept of displacement;
    • distinction between distance and  displacement;
    • concept of position and coordinates;
    • frame of reference.

2. Scalars and Vectors

  • definition of scalar and vector quantities;
  • examples of scalar and vector quantities;
  • relative velocity;
  • resolution of vectors into two perpendicular directions including graphical methods of solution.

3. Motion

  • Types of motion:
    • translational,
    • oscillatory,
    • rotational,
    • spin and random
  • Relative motion
  • Causes of motion
  • Types of force
    • contact
    • force field
  • linear motion
    • speed, velocity and acceleration;
    • equations of uniformly accelerated motion;
    • motion under gravity;
    • distance-time graph and velocity time graph;
    • instantaneous velocity and acceleration.
  • Projectiles:
    • calculation of range, maximum height and time of flight from the ground and a height;
    • applications of projectile motion.
  • Newton’s laws of motion:
    • inertia, mass and force;
    • relationship between mass and acceleration;
    • impulse and momentum;
    • force – time graph
    • conservation of linear momentum (Coefficient of restitution not necessary).
  • Motion in a circle:
    • angular velocity and angular acceleration;
    • centripetal and centrifugal forces;
    • applications.
  • Simple Harmonic Motion (S.H.M):
    • definition and explanation of simple harmonic motion;
    • examples of systems that execute S.H.M;
    • period, frequency and amplitude of S.H.M;
    • velocity and acceleration of S.H.M;
    • simple treatment of energy change in S.H.M;
    • force vibration and resonance (simple treatment).

4. Gravitational field

  • Newton’s law of universal gravitation;
  • gravitational potential;
  • conservative and non-conservative fields;
  • acceleration due to gravity;
  • variation of g on the earth’s surface;
  • distinction between mass and weight escape velocity;
  • parking orbit and weightlessness.

5. Equilibrium of Forces

  • equilibrium of particles:
    • equilibrium of coplanar forces;
    • triangles and polygon of forces;
    • Lami’s theorem.
  • principles of moments
    • moment of a force;
    • simple treatment and moment of a couple (torgue);
    • applications.
  • conditions for equilibrium of rigid bodies under the action of parallel and non-parallel forces
    • resolution and composition of forces in two perpendicular directions;
    • resultant and equilibrant.
  • centre of gravity and stability
    • stable, unstable and neutral equilibra.

6. (a) Work, Energy and Power

  • definition of work, energy and power;
  • forms of energy;
  • conservation of energy;
  • qualitative treatment between different forms of energy;
  • interpretation of area under the force-distance curve.
  • Energy and society
    • sources of energy;
    • renewable and non-renewable energy e.g. coal, crude oil etc.;
    • uses of energy;
    • energy and development;
    • energy diversification;
    • environmental impact of energy e.g. global warming, greenhouse effect and spillage;
    • energy crises;
    • conversion of energy;
    • devices used in energy production.
  • Dams and energy production
    • location of dams
    • energy production
  • nuclear energy
  • solar energy
    • solar collector;
    • solar panel for energy supply.

7. Friction

  • static and dynamic friction;
  • coefficient of limiting friction and its determination;
  • advantages and disadvantages of friction
  • reduction of friction;
  • qualitative treatment of viscosity and terminal velocity;
  • Stoke’s law. 

8. Simple Machines

  • definition of simple machines;
  • types of machines;
  • mechanical advantage, velocity ratio and efficiency of machines.

9. Elasticity

  • elastic limit, yield point, breaking point, Hooke’s law and Young’s modulus;
  • the spring balance as a device for measuring force;
  • work done per unit volume in springs and elastic strings;

10. Pressure

  • Atmospheric Pressure
    • definition of atmospheric pressure;
    • units of pressure (S.I) units (Pa);
    • measurement of pressure;
    • simple mercury barometer; aneroid barometer and manometer;
    • variation of pressure with height;
    • the use of barometer as an altimeter.
  • Pressure in liquids
    • the relationship between pressure, depth and density (P = gh)
    • transmission of pressure in liquids (Pascal’s Principle)
    • application

11. Liquids At Rest

  • determination of density of solids and liquids
  • definition of relative density
  • upthrust on a body immersed in a liquid
  • Archimedes’ principle and law of floatation and applications, e.g. ships and hydrometers.

12. Temperature and Its Measurement

  • concept of temperature
  • thermometric properties
  • calibration of thermometers
  • temperature scales – Celsius and Kelvin.
  • types of thermometers
  • conversion from one scale of temperature to another

13. Thermal Expansion

  • Solids
    • definition and determination of linear, volume and area expansivities;
    • effects and applications, e.g. expansion in building strips and railway lines;
    • relationship between different expansivities.
  • Liquids
    • volume expansivity;
    • real and apparent expansivities;
    • determination of volume expansivity;
    • anomalous expansion of water.

14. Gas Laws

  • Boyle’s law (isothermal process)
  • Charle’s law (isobaric process)
  • Pressure law (volumetric process)
  • absolute zero of temperature
  • general gas equation: (PV / T = constant )
  • ideal gas equation e.g. Pv = nRT
  • Van der waal gas

15. Quantity of Heat

  • heat as a form of energy;
  • definition of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of solids and liquids;
  • determination of heat capacity and specific heat capacity of substances by simple methods e.g. method of mixtures and electrical method and Newton’s law of cooling

16. Change of State

  • latent heat;
  • specific latent heats of fusion and vaporization;
  • melting, evaporation and boiling;
  • the influence of pressure and of dissolved substances on boiling and melting points;
  • application in appliances.

17. Vapours

  • unsaturated and saturated vapours;
  • relationship between saturated vapour pressure (S.V.P) and boiling;
  • determination of S.V.P by barometer tube method;
  • formation of dew, mist, fog, and rain;
  • study of dew point, humidity and relative humidity;
  • hygrometry; estimation of the humidity of the atmosphere using wet and dry bulb hygrometers.

18. Structure of Matter and Kinetic Theory

  • Molecular nature of matter
    • atoms and molecules;
    • molecular theory: explanation of Brownian motion, diffusion, surface tension, capillarity, adhesion, cohesion and angles of contact e.tc;
    • examples and applications.
  • Kinetic Theory 
    • assumptions of the kinetic theory
    • using the theory to explain the pressure exerted by gas, Boyle’s law, Charles’ law, melting, boiling, vapourization, change in temperature, evaporation, etc.

19. Heat Transfer

  • conduction, convection and radiation as modes of heat transfer;
  • temperature gradient, thermal conductivity and heat flux;
  • effect of the nature of the surface on the energy radiated and absorbed by it;
  • the conductivities of common materials;
  • the thermos flask;
  • land and sea breeze;
  • engines.

20. Waves

  • Production and Propagation
    • wave motion;
    • vibrating systems as source of waves;
    • waves as mode of energy transfer;
    • distinction between particle motion and wave motion;
    • relationship between frequency, wavelength and wave velocity (V=f λ);
    • phase difference, wave number and wave vector;
    • progressive wave equation e.g. Y = A sin 2π / vt (vt ± x)
  • Classification
    • types of waves; mechanical and electromagnetic waves;
    • longitudinal and transverse waves;
    • stationary and progressive waves;
    • examples of waves from springs, ropes, stretched strings and the ripple tank.
  • Characteristics/Properties
    • reflection, refraction, diffraction and plane polarization;
    • superposition of waves e.g. interference
    • Beats;
    • Doppler effects (qualitative treatment only).

21. Propagation of Sound Waves

  • the necessity for a material medium;
  • speed of sound in solids, liquids and air;
  • reflection of sound; echoes, reverberation and their applications;
  • disadvantages of echoes and reverberations.

22. Characteristics of Sound Waves

  • noise and musical notes;
  • quality, pitch, intensity and loudness and their application to musical instruments;
  • simple treatment of overtones produced by vibrating strings and their columns Fo =  1 / 2L √f/u (u = m/f)
  • acoustic examples of resonance;
  • frequency of a note emitted by air columns in closed and open pipes in relation to their lengths.

23. Light Energy

  • Sources of Light
    • natural and artificial sources of light;
    • luminous and non-luminous objects.
  • Propagation of light
    • speed, frequency and wavelength of light;
    • formation of shadows and eclipse;
    • the pin-hole camera.

24. Reflection of Light at Plane and Curved Surfaces

  • laws of reflection;
  • application of reflection of light;
  • formation of images by plane, concave and convex mirrors and ray diagrams;
  • use of the mirror formula: 1/f = 1/u + 1/v 
  • linear magnification.

25. Refraction of Light through at Plane and Curved Surfaces

  • explanation of refraction in terms of velocity of light in the media;
  • laws of refraction;
  • definition of refractive index of a medium;
  • determination of refractive index of glass and liquid using Snell’s law;
  • real and apparent depth and lateral displacement;
  • critical angle and total internal reflection.
  • Glass Prism
    • use of the minimum deviation formula: U = sin [A+D / 2] / sin [A/2]
    • type of lenses;
  • use of lens formula: 1/f = 1/u + 1/v and Newton’s formular (F² = ab)
  • magnification.

26. Optical Instruments

  • the principles of microscopes, telescopes, projectors, cameras and the human eye (physiological details of the eye are not required);
  • power of a lens;
  • angular magnification;
  • near and far points
  • sight defects and their corrections.

27. (a) Dispersion of light and colours

  • dispersion of white light by a triangular Prism;
  • production of pure spectrum;
  • colour mixing by addition and subtraction;
  • colour of objects and colour filters;
  • rainbow.
  • Electromagnetic spectrum
    • description of sources and uses of various types of radiation.

28. Electrostatics

  • existence of positive and negative charges in matter;
  • charging a body by friction, contact and induction;
  • electroscope;
  • Coulomb’s inverse square law, electric field and potential;
  • electric field intensity and potential difference;
  • electric discharge and lightning.

29. Capacitors

  • types and functions of capacitors;
  • parallel plate capacitors;
  • capacitance of a capacitor;
  • the relationship between capacitance, area separation of plates and medium between the plates C = EA/d
  • capacitors in series and parallel;
  • energy stored in a capacitor.

30. Electric Cells

  • simple voltaic cell and its defects;
  • Daniel cell, Leclanche cell (wet and dry);
  • lead –acid accumulator and Nickel-Iron (Nife) Lithium lron and Mercury cadmium;
  • maintenance of cells and batteries (detail treatment of the chemistry of a cell is not required);
  • arrangement of cells;
  • efficiency of a cell.

31. Current Electricity

  • electromagnetic force (emf), potential difference (p.d.), current, internal resistance of a cell and lost Volt;
  • Ohm’s law;
  • measurement of resistance;
  • meter bridge;
  • resistance in series and in parallel and their combination;
  • the potentiometer method of measuring emf, current and internal resistance of a cell.
  • electrical networks.

32. Electrical Energy and Power

  • concepts of electrical energy and power;
  • commercial unit of electric energy and power;
  • electric power transmission
  • heating effects of electric current;
  • electrical wiring of houses;
  • use of fuses.

33. Magnets and Magnetic Fields

  • natural and artificial magnets;
  • magnetic properties of soft iron and steel;
  • methods of making magnets and demagnetization;
  • concept of magnetic field;
  • magnetic field of a permanent magnet;
  • magnetic field round a straight current carrying conductor, circular wire and solenoid;
  • properties of the earth’s magnetic field; north and south poles, magnetic meridian and angle of dip and declination;
  • flux and flux density;
  • variation of magnetic field intensity over the earth’s surface
  • applications: earth’s magnetic field in navigation and mineral exploration.

34. Force on a Current-Carrying Conductor in a Magnetic Field

  • quantitative treatment of force between two parallel current-carrying conductors;
  • force on a charge moving in a magnetic field;
  • the d. c. motor;
  • electromagnets;
  • carbon microphone;
  • moving coil and moving iron instruments;
  • conversion of galvanometers to ammeters and voltmeter using shunts and multipliers;
  • sensitivity of a galvanometer.

35. (a) Electromagnetic Induction

  • Faraday’s laws of electromagnetic induction;
  • factors affecting induced emf;
  • Lenz’s law as an illustration of the principle of conservation of energy;
  • a.c. and d.c generators;
  • transformers;
  • the induction coil.
  • Inductance
    • explanation of inductance;
    • unit of inductance;
    • energy stored in an inductor: E = ½ I²L
    • application/uses of inductors.
  • Eddy Current 
    • reduction of eddy current
    • applications of eddy current 

36. Simple A.C. Circuits

  • explanation of a.c. current and voltage;
  • peak and r.m.s. values;
  • a.c. source connected to a resistor;
  • a.c source connected to a capacitor-capacitive reactance;
  • a.c source connected to an inductor inductive reactance;
  • series R-L-C circuits;
  • vector diagram, phase angle and power factor;
  • resistance and impedance;
  • effective voltage in an R-L-C circuits;
  • resonance and resonance frequency: F0 = 1/2π √LC

37. Conduction of Electricity Through

  • liquids
    • electrolytes and non-electrolyte;
    • concept of electrolysis;
    • Faraday’s laws of electrolysis;
    • application of electrolysis, e.g. electroplating, calibration of ammeter etc.
  • gases
    • discharge through gases (qualitative treatment only);
    • application of conduction of electricity through gases;

38. Elementary Modern Physics

  • models of the atom and their limitations;
  • elementary structure of the atom;
  • energy levels and spectra;
  • thermionic and photoelectric emissions;
  • Einstein’s equation and stopping potential
  • applications of thermionic emissions and photoelectric effects;
  • simple method of production of x-rays;
  • properties and applications of alpha, beta and gamma rays;
  • half-life and decay constant;
  • simple ideas of production of energy by fusion and fission;
  • binding energy, mass defect and Einstein’s Energy equation [∆E = ∆Mc²] 
  • wave-particle paradox (duality of matter);
  • electron diffraction;
  • the uncertainty principle.

39. Introductory Electronics

  • distinction between metals, semiconductors and insulators (elementary knowledge of band gap is required);
  • intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors;
  • uses of semiconductors and diodes in rectification and transistors in amplification;
  • n-type and p-type semiconductors;
  • elementary knowledge of diodes and transistors.

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4 thoughts on “Current JAMB Syllabus For Physics (+PDF)”

  1. Tijani Abdulsalam A.

    My heartfelt appreciation goes to toppers staff, you’re indeed a liberator of millions of mind from exam tension and wrong approach to exams.more grease to your elbow.

    Please the jamb syllabus for physics and chemistry is not downloadable and I need it mostly.

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