Current JAMB Syllabus For Government (+PDF)

Would you like to know the exact topics in the syllabus where all your JAMB Government questions will come from?

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You will see the current JAMB syllabus for Government this year as well as the PDF version available for your free download.


ALSO SEE: Complete JAMB Syllabus For All Your Subjects


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The free PDF version of this syllabus is available at the bottom of this Library.

See JAMB Government syllabus

This JAMB syllabus for Government is to prepare you for the JAMB exam that will test you on following Government topics:


PART 1: Elements of Government


1. Basic Concepts in Government

  • Power, Authority, Legitimacy, Sovereignty;
  • Society, State, Nation, Nation-State;
  • Political Processes;
    • Political Socialization,
    • Political Participation,
    • Political Culture.

2. Forms of Government:

  • Monarchy, Aristocracy, Oligarchy, Autocracy, Republicanism, Democracy –
    • definitions,
    • features,
    • merits and demerits.

3. Arms of Government:

  • The Legislature –
    • types,
    • structure,
    • functions,
    • powers;
  • The Executive –
    • types,
    • functions,
    • powers;
  • The Judiciary –
    • functions,
    • powers,
    • components.
  • Their relationships.

4. Structures of Governance:

  • Unitary –
    • features,
    • reasons for adoption,
    • merits and demerits.
  • Federal –
    • features,
    • reasons for adoption,
    • merits and demerits.
  • Confederal –
    • features,
    • reasons for adoption,
    • merits and demerits.

5. Systems of Governance:

  • Presidential,
  • Parliamentary,
  • Monarchical.

6. Political Ideologies:

  • Communalism,
  • Feudalism,
  • Capitalism,
  • Socialism,
  • Communism,
  • Totalitarianism,
  • Fascism,
  • Nazism.

7. Constitution:

  • Meaning,
  • Sources,
  • Functions,
  • Types –
    • Written,
    • Unwritten,
    • Rigid,
    • Flexible.

8. Principles of Democratic Government:

  • Ethics and Accountability in Public Office,
  • Separation of Power,
  • Checks and Balances,
  • Individual and Collective Responsibility,
  • Constitutionalism,
  • Rule of Law,
  • Representative Government.

9. Processes of Legislation:

  • Legislative Enactments –
    • acts,
    • edicts,
    • bye-laws,
    • delegated legislation,
    • decrees.

10. Citizenship:

  • Meaning, types;
  • Citizenship rights;
  • Dual citizenship, renunciation, deprivation;
  • Duties and obligations of citizens;
  • Duties and obligations of the state.

11. The Electoral Process:

  • Suffrage –
    • evolution,
    • types;
  • Election –
    • types,
    • ingredients of free and fair election;
  • Electoral System –
    • types,
    • advantages,
    • and disadvantages of each;
  • Electoral Commission –
    • functions,
    • problems.

12. Political Parties and Party Systems:

  • Political parties –
    • Definition,
    • Organization,
    • functions.
  • Party Systems –
    • Definition,
    • organization,
    • functions.

13. Pressure Groups:

  • Definition, types, functions and modes of operation.
  • Differences between Pressure Groups and Political Parties.

14. Public Opinion:

  • Meaning, formation and measurement.
  • Functions and limitations.

15. The Civil Service:

  • Definition,
  • characteristics,
  • functions,
  • structure,
  • control,
  • and problems.

PART II: Political Development in Nigeria


1. Pre – colonial Polities: Pre-jihad Hausa, Emirate, Tiv, Igbo, Yoruba

  • Their structural organization;
  • The functions of their various political institutions.

2. Imperialist Penetration:

  • The British process of acquisition –
    • trade,
    • missionary activities,
    • company rule,
    • crown colony,
    • protectorate;
  • The British colonial administrative policy –
    • direct,
    • and indirect rule;
  • The French colonial administrative policy –
    • assimilation,
    • and association;
  • Impact of British colonial rule –
    • economic,
    • political,
    • socio-cultural;
  • Comparison of British and French colonial administration.

3. Process of Decolonization:

  • Nationalism –
    • Meaning,
    • Types;
  • Nationalist Movements –
    • emergence,
    • goals,
    • strategies;
  • Nationalist Leaders –
    • Herbert Macaulay,
    • Nnamdi Azikiwe,
    • Obafemi Awolowo,
    • Ahmadu Bello,
    • Ladipo Solanke,
    • Aminu Kano,
    • J. S. Tarka,
    • Tafawa Balewa and others;
  • Emergence of nationalist parties;
  • Influence of external factors.

4. Constitutional Development in Nigeria:

  • Hugh Clifford Constitution (1922).
  • Arthur Richards Constitution (1946).
  • John Macpherson Constitution (1951).
  • Oliver Lyttleton Constitution (1954).
  • Independence Constitution (1960).
  • And their features, merits and demerits.

5. Post – Independence Constitutions:

  • 1963,
  • 1979,
  • 1989,
  • and 1999 – characteristics and shortcomings.

6. Institutions of Government in the Post – Independence Nigeria:

  • The Legislative –
    • structure,
    • functions,
    • and working.
  • The Executive –
    • structure,
    • functions,
    • and workings.
  • The Judiciary –
    • structure,
    • functions,
    • and workings.

7. Public Commissions Established by the 1979 and Subsequent Constitutions:

  • The Civil Service Commission,
  • the Public Complaints Commission,
  • Electoral Commissions,
  • National Boundary Commission and others – objectives functions and problems.

8. Political Parties and Party Politics in Post-Independence Nigeria:

  • First Republic.
  • Second Republic.
  • Third Republic.
  • Fourth Republic.
    • Evolution,
    • membership spread,
    • structure etc.

9. The Structure and Workings of Nigerian Federalism:

  • Rationale for a Federal System;
  • Tiers of government and their relationship;
  • Creation of States –
    • 1963,
    • 1967,
    • 1976,
    • 1987,
    • 1991,
    • 1996;
  • Problems of Nigerian Federalism –
    • census,
    • revenue allocation,
    • conflicts etc.
  • Solutions e.g.
    • Federal character, etc.

10. Public Corporations and Parastatals:

  • Definition, types, purpose and functions;
  • Finance, control and problems;
  • Deregulation, privatization, commercialization –
    • objectives,
    • features,
    • merits,
    • and demerits;
  • Comparison between public corporations and parastatals.

11. Local Government:

  • Local government administration prior to 1976;
  • Features of local government reforms (1976, 1989) –
    • structure,
    • functions,
    • finance,
    • and inter-governmental relations;
  • Traditional rulers and local governments;
  • Problems of local government administration in Nigeria.

12. The Military in Nigerian Politics

  • Factors that led to military intervention;
  • Structure of military regimes;
  • Impact of military rule –
    • political, e.g.
      • creation of states,
      • introduction of unitary system (Unification Decree No. 34) etc.
    • economic, e.g.
      • SAP, etc.
  • Processes of military disengagement.

PART III: Foreign Policy And Nigeria’s Relations With The International Community


1. Foreign Policy:

  • Definition,
  • purpose,
  • determining factors;
  • formulation and implementation.

2. Nigeria’s Foreign Policy:

  • Relations with major powers;
  • Relations with developing countries, e.g the Technical Aid Corps (TAC), etc.
  • Nigeria’s Non-Alignment Policy.

3. Relations with African Countries:

  • Africa as the “centre piece” of Nigeria’s forieign policy –
    • guiding principles,
    • implementation,
    • and implications;
  • NEPAD –
    • origin,
    • objectives,
    • and implications.

4. Nigeria in International Organizations

  • The United Nations;
  • The Commonwealth;
  • The Organization of African Unity;
  • The African Union;
  • The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS);
  • The Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). 

PART IV: International Organizations


1. International Organizations:

  • ECOWAS;
  • OAU, AU;
  • Commonwealth;
  • OPEC;
  • UNO;
  • African Petroleum Producers Association;

Origin, objectives, structure, functions, achievements, problems and prospects of these organizations.

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