If your subject combination include Biology, then you should get the current JAMB syllabus for Biology because all your JAMB Biology questions will be drawn from this syllabus.
In this Library, you will see the current JAMB syllabus for Biology with the PDF version available for free download at the end of this Library.
SEE ALSO: Complete JAMB Syllabus For ALL SUBJECTS (+ PDF Version)
A — VARIETY OF ORGANISMS
1. Living organisms:
b. Cell structure and functions of cell components
c. Level of organization
- i. Cell e.g. euglena and paramecium,
- ii. Tissue, e.g. epithelial tissues and hydra
- iii. Organ, e.g. onion bulb
- iv. Systems, e.g. reproductive, digestive and excretory
- v. Organisms e.g. Chlamydomonas
2. Evolution among the following:
a. Monera (prokaryotes), e.g. bacteria and blue green algae.
b. Protista (protozoans and protophyta), e.g. Amoeba, Euglena and Paramecium
c. Fungi, e.g. mushroom and Rhizopus.
d. Plantae (plants)
- i. Thallophyta (e.g. Spirogyra)
- ii. Bryophyta (mosses and liveworts) e.g. Brachmenium and Merchantia.
- iii. Pteridophyta (ferns) e.g. Dryopteris.
- iv. Spermatophyta (Gymnospermae and Angiospermae)
- Gymnosperms e.g. Cycads and conifers.
- Angiosperms (monocots, e.g. maize; dicots, e.g. water leaf)
e. Animalia (animals)
- i. Invertebrates
- coelenterate (e.g. Hydra)
- Platyhelminthes (flatworms) e.g. Taenia
- Nematoda (roundworms)
- Annelida (e.g. earthworm)
- Arthropoda e.g. mosquito, cockroach, housefly, bee, butterfly
- Mollusca (e.g. snails)
- ii. Multicellular animals (vertebrates)
- pisces (cartilaginous and bony fish)
- Amphibia (e.g. toads and frogs)
- Reptilia (e.g. lizards, snakes and turtles)
- Aves (birds)
- Mammalia (mammals)
3. a Structural / functional and behavioural adaptations of organisms.
b. adaptive colouration and its functions
c. Behavioural adaptations in social animals
d. Structural adaptations in organisms.
B — FORM AND FUNCTIONS
1. Internal structure of a flowering plant
- i. Root
- ii. Stem
- iii. Leaf
b. Internal structure of a mammal
a. Modes of nutrition
- i. Autotrophic
- ii. Heterotrophic
b. Types of Nutrition
c. Plant nutrition
- i. Photosynthesis
- ii. Mineral requirements (macro and micro-nutrients)
d. Animal nutrition
- i. Classes of food substances; carbohydrates, proteins, fats and oils, vitamins, mineral salts and water
- ii. Food tests (e.g. starch, reducing sugar, protein, oil, fat etc.
- iii. The mammalian tooth (structures, types and functions)
- iv. Mammalian alimentary canal
- v. Nutrition process (ingestion, digestion, absorption, and assimilation of digested food.
a. Need for transportation
b. Materials for transportation. Excretory products, gases, manufactured food, digested food, nutrient, water and hormones)
c. Channels for transportation
- i. Mammalian circulatory system (heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries)
- ii. Plant vascular system (phloem and xylem)
d. Media and processes of mechanism for transportation.
a. Respiratory organs and surfaces
b. The mechanism of gaseous exchange in:
- i. Plants
- ii. Mammals
c. Aerobic respiration
d. Anaerobic respiration
a. Types of excretory structures: contractile vacuole, flamecell, nephridium, Malpighian tubule, kidney, stoma and lenticel.
b. Excretory mechanisms:
- i. Kidneys
- ii. lungs
- ii. skin
c. Excretory products of plants
6. Support and movement
a. Tropic, tactic, nastic and sleep movements in plants
b. supporting tissues in animals
c. Types and functions of the skeleton
- i. Exoskeleton
- ii. Endoskeleton
- iii. Functions of the skeleton in animals
a. A sexual reproduction
- i. Fission as in Paramecium
- ii. Budding as in yeast
- iii. Natural vegetative propagation
- iv. Artificial vegetative propagation.
b. sexual reproduction in flowering plants
- i. Floral parts and their functions
- ii. Pollination and fertilization
- iii. products of sexual reproduction
c. Reproduction in mammals
- i. structures and functions of the male and female reproductive organs
- ii. Fertilization and development. (Fusion of gametes)
a. meaning of growth
b. Germination of seeds and condition necessary for germination of seeds.
9. Co-ordination and control
a. Nervous coordination:
- i. the components, structure and functions of the central nervous system;
- ii. The components and functions of the peripheral nervous systems;
- iii. Mechanism of transmission of impulses;
- iv. Reflex action
b. The sense organs
- i. skin (tactile)
- ii. nose (olfactory)
- iii. tongue (taste)
- iv. eye (sight)
- v. ear (auditory)
c. Hormonal control
- i. animal hormonal system
- – Pituitary
- – thyroid
- – parathyroid
- – adrenal gland
- – pancreas
- – gonads
- ii. Plant hormones (phytohormones)
- i. Body temperature regulation
- ii. Salt and water regulation
C — ECOLOGY
1. Factors affecting the distribution of Organisms
- i. Abiotic
- ii. Biotic
2. Symbiotic interactions of plants and animals
(a) Energy flow in the ecosystem: food chains, food webs and trophic levels
(b) Nutrient cycling in nature
- i. carbon cycle
- ii. water cycle
- iii. Nitrogen cycle
3. Natural Habitats
(a) Aquatic (e.g. ponds, streams, lakes seashores and mangrove swamps)
(b) Terrestrial/arboreal (e.g. tree-tops of oil palm, abandoned farmland or a dry grassy (savanna) field, and burrow or hole.
4. Local (Nigerian) Biomes)
a. Tropical rainforest
b. Guinea savanna (southern and northern)
c. Sudan Savanna
e. Highlands of montane forests and grasslands of the Obudu, Jos, Mambilla Plateau.
5. The Ecology of Populations:
(a) Population density and overcrowding.
(b) Adaptation for survival
- i. Factors that bring about competition
- ii. Intra and inter-specific competition
- iii. Relationship between competition and succession.
(c) Factors affecting population sizes:
- i. Biotic (e.g. food, pest, disease, predation, competition, reproductive ability).
- ii. Abiotic (e.g. temperature, space, light, rainfall, topography, pressure, pH) etc.
(d) Ecological succession
- i. primary succession
- ii. secondary succession
a) characteristics of different types of soil (sandy, loamy, clayey)
- i. soil structure
- ii. porosity, capillarity and humus content
b) Components of the soil
- i. inorganic
- ii. organic
- iii. soil organisms
- iv. soil air
- v. soil water
c) Soil fertility:
- i. loss of soil fertility
- ii. renewal and maintenance of soil fertility
7. Humans and Environment
- (i) Common and endemic diseases.
- ii. Easily transmissible diseases and disease syndrome such as:
- – poliomyelitis
- – cholera
- – tuberculosis
- – sexually transmitted disease / syndrome (gonorrhea, syphilis, AIDS, etc.
b. Pollution and its control
- (i) sources, types, effects and methods of control.
- (ii) Sanitation and sewage
(c) Conservation of Natural Resources
(d) Game reserves and National parks
D — HEREDITY AND VARIATIONS
(1) Variation In Population
a. Morphological variations in the physical appearance of individuals.
- (i) size (height, weight)
- (ii) Colour (skin, eye, hair, coat of animals, scales and feathers.
- (iii) Fingerprints
b. Physiological variation
- (i) Ability to roll tongue
- (ii) Ability to taste phenylthiocarbamide (PTC)
- (iii) Blood groups
c. Application of discontinuous variation in crime detection, blood transfusion and determination of paternity.
a) Inheritance of characters in organisms;
- i) Heritable and non-heritable characters.
b) Chromosomes – the basis of heredity;
- (i) Structure
- (ii) Process of transmission of hereditary characters from parents to offspring.
c) Probability in genetics and sex determination.
d) Application of the principles of heredity in:
- i) Agriculture
- (ii) Medicine
e. Sex – linked characters e.g. baldness, haemophilia, colour blindness, etc.
E — EVOLUTION
1. Theories of evolution
a) Lamarck’s theory
b) Darwin’s theory
c) organic theory
2. Evidence of evolution
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