How To Identify Consonant Sounds in English (WAEC, JAMB)

Are you finding it hard to understand and answer questions on consonant sounds in JAMB and WAEC English?

In this lesson…

You will learn the correct pronunciation of the 24 consonant sounds and how to identify them in JAMB and WAEC English test of orals.


ALSO SEE: How To Identify And Answer Questions On Vowel Sounds

Take note.

A link for you to practice real past questions on consonant sounds is included at the bottom of this lesson.

How to identify consonant sounds

In your WAEC or JAMB exam…

You will be given a word with underlined letter(s) or a phonetic symbol to find the consonant sound.

For a word with underlined letter(s):

  1. Pronounce the word.
  2. Note the sound of the underlined letter(s).
  3. Pronounce the options.
  4. Pick the option that has the same consonant sound as the question.

For a phonetic symbol:

  1. Pronounce the symbol.
  2. Pronounce the options
  3. Pick the option that has the same consonant sound as the symbol.

1. Consonant sound /p/

/p/ is pronounced like a short “pa” with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

pot, apple, lap, people, rope.

2. Consonant sound /b/

/b/ is pronounced like a short “ba” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

but, book, able, ribbon, tab, rob.

3. Consonant sound /t/

/t/ is pronounced like a short “tee” with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

tin, fatter, pat, talk.

4. Consonant sound /θ/

/θ/ sound is produced by putting the full tip of your tongue between your front teeth and pushing air out through your mouth without vibrating your vocal cord.

When done right, /θ/ will sound like the most silent fart ever.

EXAMPLE:

thin, breath, method, path, thigh, truth.

5. Consonant sound /ð/

/ð/ sound is produced by putting the very tip of your tongue between your front teeth and pushing air out through your mouth while vibrating your vocal cord.

When done right, /ð/ will sound like a phone vibrating on a table.

EXAMPLE:

the, breathe, father, thy, then, they.

6. Consonant sound /d/

/d/ is pronounced like a short “dee” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

day, dig, murder, riddle, cold, read.

7. Consonant sound /s/

/s/ is pronounced like a short “see” or the hiss of a snake with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

sex, hostile, kicks, price, reset.

8. Consonant sound /ʃ/

/ʃ/ is pronounced like a “shhh” with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

ship, cash, wish, shy, emotion, shoe, sugar, parachute.

9. Consonant sound /tʃ/

/tʃ/ is pronounced like a very short “ch” with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

chill, catch, choose, which, China, teach, church, chick.

10. Consonant sound /ʒ/

/ʒ/ is pronounced like the “shhh” but with a strong vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

vision, garage, pleasure, massage.

11. Consonant sound /dʒ/

/dʒ/ is pronounced like a short “gee” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

Judge, digit, giant, badge, lodge.

12. Consonant sound /g/

/g/ is pronounced like a short “ga” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

girl, bogus, bug, dig.

13. Consonant sound /n/

/n/ is pronounced with a little vibration in your vocal cord and sounds like you are about to say the word “No“.

EXAMPLE:

never, sin, banter, neck, button.

14. Consonant sound /ŋ/

/ŋ/ is pronounced starting with the /n/ sound and ending it with /g/ sound.

EXAMPLE:

banger, king, sing.

15. Consonant sound /m/

/m/ is pronounced with a little vibration in your vocal cord and sounds like you are about to say the word “Me“.

EXAMPLE:

meat, come, man, comb, thumb.

16. Consonant sound /h/

/h/ is pronounced like a short “ha” with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

hot, high, history, house.

17. Consonant sound /l/

/l/ is pronounced with a little vibration in your vocal cord and sounds like you are about to say the word “Love”.

EXAMPLE:

live, luck, belong, bell, plight, kettle.

18. Consonant sound /r/

/r/ is pronounced like a short “ra” with a little vibration of your tongue and your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

run, reign, river, drain.

19. Consonant sound /w/

/w/ is pronounced like a short “uwa” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

woman, beware, wow, once.

20. Consonant sound /j/

/j/ is pronounced like a short “ya” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

yes, year, use.

21. Consonant sound /k/

/k/ is pronounced like a short “ka” with no vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

chemist, kill, mimic, cab.

22. Consonant sound /f/

/f/ is pronounced with no vibration in your vocal cord and sound like you are about to say the word “Fee”.

EXAMPLE:

phase, befall, laugh, rough, ruffle.

23. Consonant sound /v/

/v/ is pronounced like /f/ but with a strong vibration in your vocal cord.

When done right, /v/ will sound like a short “vu“.

EXAMPLE:

van, advocate, voice, love.

24. Consonant sound /z/

/z/ is pronounced like a short “zee” with a little vibration in your vocal cord.

EXAMPLE:

zebra, business, lazy, eyes, razor.

Classwork

Click on the link below to practice exam past questions on consonant sounds now.

Practice Questions

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